A couple of weeks ago it was Shabbos-Rosh Chodesh. At a Friday night Oneg on that Shabbos I had the Zchus of hearing Rabbi Azarya Berzon of Toronto Torah speak very nicely on the importance of Rosh Chodesh as a Yom Tov compared to Shabbos. Regarding Yom Tov in general, Rabbi Berzon explained that the prime difference between Shabbos and Yom Tov is as follows:
During Shabbos, Hashem comes to us. When we recite Kabbalas Shabbos we are greeting the Shabbos queen, which essentially represents one of the many attributes of Hashem that is coming to us on that day. Therefore, He comes to our homes.
On the Yomim Tovim, though, we generally are going to Hashem’s Haichal (residence). For example, during Pesach, Shavuos, and Sukkos we would trek all the way down to the Bais HaMikdash and give Korbanos to Hashem. Today, we don’t have the Bais HaMikdash, so we “go to Hashem” by reciting the Hallel, which is a unique set of Tfillos reserved for those days.
I then came up with a question regarding this. If on Shabbos, Hashem comes to us, yet on Yom Tov we “go to Hashem,” what does the Tehilla of “Mizmor Shir L’Yom HaShabbos” pertain to? Now, by the sound of it, that prayer should be reserved for Shabbos, yet it’s included in Yom Tov prayers especially since l’Halacha, Yom Tov is similar to Shabbos in every way minus three things which can be performed – 1) cooking and baking, 2) lighting a fire from a pre-existing flame, and 3) carrying in a public domain.
So, since Mizmor Shir L’Yom HaShabbos is included in both, is that prayer “coming or going?” Does that prayer represent coming to Hashem’s Haichal, or Hashem coming to our Haichal?
My personal thoughts in short are that it’s a “parve” one. Since our home is Kim’at a mini Bais HaMikdash, (complete with the bedroom being the Kodesh HaKedoshim, but that’s another story altogether), Hashem wishes that we sanctify ourselves in such a manner that our home is, to the best of our abilities, resonating with as much Kedusha as possible, such that in Hashem’s eyes the effort put in would match the effort Shlomo HaMelech put into building the first Bais Hamikdash, which ranged from the location down to the very way the stones would be cut.
Just my thought. Any ideas?