Proof of 310 Worlds Existing + Personal Comments – Kav Hayashar

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A while back I read something pretty cool from the Kav Hayashar regarding the relation to Mitzvos to Angels and Worlds. I just thought to add it with some of my own comments. -Rafi

Adopted from Kav Hayashar, Chapter 15, pages 181-183 in the Metsudah Kamenetsky edition.

“It says in the Gemara (Sanhedrin 100a) that “in the future Hakadosh Baruch Hu will bestow upon every righteous person three hundred and ten worlds. As it is written, “LeHanchil Ohavai Yesh” – “To cause those who love me to inherit substance.” Yesh, Yud-Shin, is the numerical value of 310, as brought down in Mishlei 8:21.

“The Kav Hayashar derives from the above passage as follows: When a man does a single mitzvah, a single angel is created. The Sages tell us (Chullin 91b) that each angel is 2,000 parsaos across (1 parsah = 2.8 miles), as it is written, “and its body was like [the sea of) Tarsus” (Daniel 10:6). According to tradition this sea was 2,000 parsaos wide. Now, there are 613 Torah commandments and 7 rabbinical enactments, totaling 620, the gematria of keter – “crown.” Therefore, when the Jewish people keep the entire Torah, including the Rabbinic enactments, they acquire 620 angels.”

Rafi’s note: I thought there were many more than just 7 rabbinical enactments. If that’s not the case, then what about only one mitzvah to follow whatever the Rabbis say, which is part of the 613? Whatever.

“Now, in this world Israel has the legal status of an almanah – a “widow.” Thus the verse in Eichah (1:1) reads, “Eichah Yashvah Badad Ha’Ir Rabati Am, Haytah K’Almanah” – “O how does she sit in solitude! The city that was teeming with people has become like an almanah.” This word is derived from a denomination of currency called a manah (=100 zuz), which is the amount that is guaranteed to a widow in her marriage contract when she remarries.

In the future, however, Israel will again have the status of a virgin bride, as it is written, “Betulat Yisrael” – “(Arise O) virgin of Israel” (Amos 5:2). A virgin bride is guaranteed a base sum of 200 zuz, but Israel will receive on top of this an addition of a third (reckoned from the “outside,” so that the addition comprises of a third from the total.”

Rafi’s note: I don’t understand this – doesn’t make sense. If Israel has the new status of a virgin, the old status of a widow should be nullified, not added on! She should only be entitled to 200 zuz and not 200+100=300!

This reminds me of the classic Chelm story where a newlywed couple run to the sage stating their concern that a child was born after 3 months of getting married. The Sage replied that it was in fact 9 months since the husband was married to her for 3 months, the wife was married to him for 3 months, and they were both married to each other for 3 months. 3 + 3 + 3 is 9 months!


“Now, the Sages tell us in Midrash Bereishis Rabbah (68:12) that three angels comprise an entire “world,” since each angel is 2,000 parsaos wide and a “world” is only 6,000 parsaos in diameter. Therefore, 600 angels equals 200 worlds. The additional 20 angels comprise another 6 2/3rds worlds. If one adds a third (from the “outside”) to the 200 it comes to 300. Then, if one adds a third to the 6 worlds it comes to 9. Finally, if one adds a third to the remaining 2/3rds it comes to a single world, totaling 310 worlds.

May it be Hashem’s will that we merit this speedily in our days, Amen.”