Room 1 – Coins relating to the Bais Hamikdash

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Exhibit 1a- Shekalim (shekels), these are dated to the year 68 CE, two years before the “churban.”

Exhibit 1b- prutas, from the time of the Maccabees

Exhibit 1c- The Roman emperor, Vespasian, at the time of the “churban.” (See Gittin 56a)

Exhibit 1d- The Roman general, Titus Flavius, “yimach shemo,” commander of the Roman troops who destroyed our Holy Bais Hamikdash

Exhibit 1e- “machatzis h’shekel, ” a half shekel issued 2 years before the “churban”

Exhibit 1f- Emperor Vespasian (large image) and his two sons, Titus (the general, small image on the left) and Domitian, (who built the famous Arch of Titus commemorating the destruction of Yerushalayim).

Exhibit 1g- Judea Capta, issued by the Roman Empire to “celebrate” the downfall of Eretz Yisroel and the destruction of the Temple. Judea Capta means “Judea has been captured.”

Exhibit 1h- The façade of the Heichel in the Bais HaMikdash, minted by Bar Kokhbah about 50 years after the “churban.”

Exhibit 1i- Dinarim, dinars

Exhibit 1j- Hadrian, “yimach shemo,” the Roman emperor who converted the Bais HaMikdash into a temple for “avodah zorah.” (See Southern Wall Gallery, Room 33.)